• An Automatic Video Reinforcing System for TV Programs using Semantic Metadata  PDF  プレプリント
    Yuanyuan Wang, Daisuke Kitayama, Yukiko Kawai, Kazutoshi Sumiya and Yoshiharu Ishikawa
    International Journal of Multimedia Data Engineering and Management (IJMDEM), Vol.7, No.1, pp.1-21, 2016年2月, 査読有
  • 概要
    Classifying video elements according to some pre-defined ontology of the video content domain is a typical way to perform video annotation. Ontologies are defined by establishing relationships between linguistic terms that specify domain concepts at different abstraction levels. However, although linguistic terms are appropriate to distinguish event and object categories, they are inadequate when they must describe specific patterns of events or video entities. Instead, in these cases, pattern specifications can be better expressed through visual prototypes that capture the essence of the event or entity. Therefore pictorially enriched ontologies, that include both visual and linguistic concepts, can be useful to support video annotation up to the level of detail of pattern specification.This paper presents pictorially enriched ontologies and discusses a solution for their implementation for the soccer video domain. An unsupervised clustering method is proposed in order to create the enriched ontologies by defining visual prototypes representing specific patterns of highlights and adding them as visual concepts to the ontology.An algorithm that uses pictorially enriched ontologies to perform automatic soccer video annotation is proposed and results for typical highlights are presented. Annotation is performed associating occurrences of events, or entities, to higher level concepts by checking their proximity to visual concepts that are hierarchically linked to higher level semantics.
  • スライド